Daemons and Protective Deities of the Eg...
The word ‘daemon’ generally means good spirit or demi-god; those living being who are not easily categorised as humans, nor animals, nor gods with cult centres. Often the way they look symbolised their characteristics and otherness. It is important to realise that in ancient Egypt, daemons could be good, bad, or indifferent. The trail starts in the House of Death, before moving upstairs to the House of Life.
We have several examples of the deity which Egyptologists commonly call Bes. He is typically depicted as a dwarf god with bandy legs, a leonine main a (cont.)
This small stone stela is dedicated to the spirits of the dead. This item is referred to as an akh ikr n re stela (the name means ‘excellent spirit of (cont.)
This large stone block shows two intertwined snakes within a naos (a type of shrine). The one on the right has a beard and wears the atef-crown, the o (cont.)
Your heart was weighed by the gods. If you had been a bad person, it would be eaten by Ammut the devourer; a part hippopotamus, part lion and part cro (cont.)
This section of linen belonging to Djed-Hor, son of Ta, describes the first five of fourteen mounds of the Underworld (represented by horseshoe shapes (cont.)
Taweret often appears as a protector of women in childbirth. She was known as ‘The Great One’, and she is also associated with Nut and Isis. Taweret w (cont.)
This faience bell is in the shape of the deity Bes. As has already been stated, Bes was associated with women in childbirth and children. He was also (cont.)
This cartonnage fragment is decorated with a double-winged animal wearing rams horns surmounted by a solar disc. The animal bears the deceased on its (cont.)
The goddesses Wadjet and Nekhbet are often depicted on coffins. Wadjet is shown with the head of a lioness with a uraeus (snake) above, while Nekhbet (cont.)