CLE350: The archaeology of ancient Nubia

In ancient Egyptian ideology the inhabitants of the gold-rich lands to the south of the First Nile Cataract were barbarians predestined to be dominated by Pharaoh and a people from whom nothing could be learned. Unsurprisingly, the reality was quite different. Not only was Nubia the place of origin for complex state societies that at times rivalled those in Egypt, but Nubia and its diverse populations were to have profound long-term effects on Egyptian culture and society.
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