Tall shouldered jar



Accession Number
AB97
Current Location
In storage
Object Type
Receptacle/vessel, Jar
Period
Early Dynastic Period
Dynasty
First Dynasty
Material
Pottery (Nile silt)
Provenance
Egypt, Tarkhan
Measurements
Height: 715mm | Rim diameter (exterior): 143mm | Maximum diameter: 217mm | Base diameter: 54mm | Height of maximum diameter: 559mm | Vessel index: 30
Number of Elements
1
Culture
Egyptian

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Description

A tall shouldered jar made of Nile silt. Its body is slender with a rolled rim and a narrow flat base. An inscribed mark is visible on the shoulder of the vessel, which is likely a potter's mark. The decoration is made of semi-circular impressions located under the rim. This vessel was handmade. Its body's surface is abraded and presents limestone inclusions. Similar to First Dynasty pottery from Abydos with clay stopper (Hayes 1953, p. 112). Excavated by the British School of Archaeology in Egypt at the site of Tarkhan during the 1911–12 season. The object was gifted to the University of Wales, Aberystwyth by John Bancroft Willans, a subscriber of the British School of Archaeology in Egypt, who received the object in 1912. Subsequently gifted to the Egypt Centre in 1997. Such jars are commonly called 'wine jars' though they could have been used to store oil, resin, or other commodities.

Munsell Chart reading

2.5YR 5/3 reddish brown

Bibliography

Hayes, William C. 1953. The scepter of Egypt: a background for the study of the Egyptian antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, I. From the earliest times to the end of the Middle Kingdom. New York: Harper; Metropolitan Museum of Art. Petrie, W. M. Flinders, G. A. Wainwright, and A. H. Gardiner 1913. Tarkhan I and Memphis V. British School of Archaeology in Egypt and Egyptian Research Account [23] (19th year). London, Aylesbury: Hazell, Watson and Viney, Ld. [pl. LVI]

Other Identity
CA94 (Aberystwyth number written on the base in black ink)
Previous Owners
British School of Archaeology in Egypt | John Bancroft Willans (1881–1957) | University of Wales, Aberystwyth
Acquisition
Gift, The University of Wales, Aberystwyth (24 Mar 1997)
Last modified: 06 May 2022

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