Model situla



Accession Number
EC624
Current Location
House of Death (ground floor), Kings case
Object Type
Receptacle/vessel, Situla
Periods
Late Period to Graeco-Roman Period
Material
Metals/alloys (Copper alloy)
Provenance
Egypt
Measurements
Height: 68mm | Diameter: (widest) 26mm; (exterior rim): 22mm | Weight 48g
Number of Elements
1
Animals
Jackal | Monkey/baboon
Divine Name
Amun-Min | Isis | Min | Nephthys

This image may be used under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) license. For uses not covered under the Creative Commons license, or to license images for commercial uses, please contact the Egypt Centre.

Description

A model situla decorated in relief with various gods including Min. Situlae were ceremonial vessels used in temples, and during funerary rituals, for libations of life-giving water. Their shape evoked the lotus-flower whose fragrance was thought to have given vitality to the Sun God at the dawn of the world. The scenes chosen to decorate them depict mythical and religious events which were both appropriate to their function, and were themselves believed to be essential episodes in the process of creation and regeneration. It is made of copper alloy. Such votive examples were found in large numbers in the sacred animal necropolis at Saqqara. This one has in the top register, a solar barque with the sun disc, drawn by two jackals. In front of it are four baboons with their hands raised in greeting. The register below shows the deceased with his hand raised facing four deities. The first is Isis and behind her Nephthys. Then follows Horus and finally Amun-Min. The first three deities carry a was sceptre. The bottom register takes the form of a lotus flower, a symbol of rebirth. This probably dates to the Graeco-Roman Period.

Bibliography

See Christine Insley Green 1987 'The Temple Furniture from the sacred animal necropolis at North Saqqara 1964-1976'. See also Daphna Ben-Tor 1997 The Immortals of Ancient Egypt...', 88 - 89

Wellcome Number
R3237
Other Identity
661 O (round label with blue border)
Auction
Sotheby, Wilkinson, & Hodge: 19–21 Dec 1906
Previous Owners
Robert de Rustafjaell (1859–1943) | Sir Henry Solomon Wellcome (1853–1936)
Acquisition
Long-term loan, The Wellcome Trust (15 Feb 1971)
Last modified: 20 Oct 2020

Back | Feedback about this object