Large shouldered jar



Accession Number
AB96
Current Location
In storage
Object Type
Receptacle/vessel, Jar
Period
Early Dynastic Period
Dynasties
First Dynasty to Second Dynasty
Material
Pottery
Provenance
Egypt, Tarkhan
Measurements
Height: 502mm | Maximum diameter: 202mm | Rim diameter: 123mm | Height of maximum diameter: 160mm | Vessel index: 40
Number of Elements
1
Culture
Egyptian

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Description

Tall handmade wine jar dating from the second half of the First Dynasty to the first half of the Second Dynasty. The fabric has not been determined for sure, since the clay is low-porous with large pieces of limestone and traces of chaff. The shouldered jar could have been made from a combination of Nile silt and Marl clay. The jar has a rolled rim and raised collar around the shoulder, indicating that the rim was made separately on a turning device and then attached to the handmade body. While the base is broken, it likely had a narrow flat base. There is a pottery mark in the form of a cross on the shoulder of the jar. Pencil marks on the jar saying '1st Dyn Tarkhan', and an unclear tomb number. Excavated by the British School of Archaeology in Egypt at the site of Tarkhan during the 1911–12 season. The object was gifted to the University of Wales, Aberystwyth by John Bancroft Willans, a subscriber of the British School of Archaeology in Egypt, who received the object in 1912. Subsequently gifted to the Egypt Centre in 1997.

Munsell Chart reading

5YR 5/3 reddish brown

Bibliography

Petrie, W. M. Flinders, G. A. Wainwright, and A. H. Gardiner 1913. Tarkhan I and Memphis V. British School of Archaeology in Egypt and Egyptian Research Account [23] (19th year). London, Aylesbury: Hazell, Watson and Viney, Ld. [pl. LVI]

Other Identity
CA92 (Aberystwyth number)
Previous Owners
British School of Archaeology in Egypt | John Bancroft Willans (1881–1957) | University of Wales, Aberystwyth
Excavation Details

Excavated by the British School of Archaeology in Egypt at the site of Tarkhan during the 1911–12 season.

Acquisition
Gift, The University of Wales, Aberystwyth (24 Mar 1997)
Last modified: 18 Jun 2022

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