Fragment of wall plaster



Accession Number
W802
Current Location
House of Life (first floor), Amarna case
Object Type
Architecture, Architectural element, Wall, Surface plaster
Period
New Kingdom
Dynasty
Eighteenth Dynasty
Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten
Material
Plaster
Provenance
Egypt, Amarna, North Riverside Palace
Number of Elements
1

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Description

This piece of painted wall plaster comes from the North Riverside Palace at Amarna. The North Riverside Palace was possibly the principal royal residence at Amarna (Kemp 2006, 284). There is a colour facsimile showing this piece of plaster when excavated in Weatherhead 2007, col. pl. 13). If you compare this with the item today you will see that there has been some damage between the date when it was excavated and the item today. This fragment was one of the first to be excavated from Amarna (Pendlebury 1931, 242). The frieze from which this piece of plaster was excavated was reconstructed by Laver (Weatherhead 2007, pl. 44). This suggests that our piece depicts part of the lower arm of a person, probably Akhenaten and wearing of an ornate sash tied at the waist. The elaborate sash would normally be associated with a male kilt. Laver reconstructed this as a scene of Akhenaten in his chariot but it may be that it is part of an offering scene (Weatherhead 2007, 249). While to some extent the king was always considered a divinity, a god on earth, this aspect was accentuated during the Amarna Period. The Hymn to the Aten states that Akhenaten is the only son of the Aten. Akhenaten and his wife Nefertiti were equated with the gods Shu and Tefnut. Excavated within the North Riverside Palace at Amarna by the Egypt Exploration Society during the 1931–32 season. Presented to the Wellcome Historical Medical Museum by the Egypt Exploration Society in 1932 before being transferred to Swansea on long-term loan in 1971.

Bibliography

Kemp, B.J. 2006. 'Ancient Egypt. Anatomy of a Civilisation'. London and New York: Routledge. Pendlebury, J.D.S. 1931. Preliminary Report of Excavations at Tell el-'Amarna, 'Journal of Egyptian Archaeology' 17, 233-234. Weatherhead, Fran 2007. Amarna palace paintings. Egypt Exploration Society, Excavation Memoir 78. London: Egypt Exploration Society.

Other Identity
1535
Previous Owners
Egypt Exploration Society | Sir Henry Solomon Wellcome (1853–1936)
Excavation Details

Excavated within the North Riverside Palace at Amarna by the Egypt Exploration Society during the 1931–32 season.

Acquisition
Long-term loan, The Wellcome Trust (15 Feb 1971)
Last modified: 04 Jul 2021

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