Ptah-Sokar-Osiris



Accession Number
W2051
Current Location
House of Death (ground floor), Ptah-Sokar-Osiris case
Object Type
Sculpture, Ptah-Sokar-Osiris
Periods
Late Period to Graeco-Roman Period
Dynasty
Ptolemaic Period
Material
Wood
Provenance
Egypt, Akhmim
Measurements
Height: 409mm | Width: 134mm | Depth: 25mm
Number of Elements
1
Divine Name
Atum | Isis | Osiris | Osiris-Sokar | Ptah-Sokar-Osiris

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Description

A Ptah-Sokar-Osiris figure dating from the Late Dynastic to the Ptolemaic Period. Only the back section survives. It is painted black with the remains of blue painted hair, and there are two vertical columns of painted black hieroglyphs on a white background. The inscription is in the form of a hymn addressed to Ptah-Sokar-Osiris "Words spoken by Osiris, foremost of the westerners (i.e. those who have been reborn from death), lord of Abydos, Sokar-Osiris who dwells in Ipwt (Akhmim?), and Isis the Great...' Hail to thee, heir who preceded god, spittle which came forth from Atum, divine body that returned". A figure made of linen wearing blue dress was associated with this by Kate Bosse Griffiths (W2051A). The fact that small mummies were placed in cavities of Ptah-Sokar-Osiris figures was shown by a Leiden figure (See Raven, M.J., 1979 'Papyrus Sheaths and Ptah-Sokar-Osiris Statues' In OMRO p 271).

Bibliography

Bosse-Griffiths, Kate 2001. Problems with Ptaḥ-Sokar-Osiris figures: presented to the 4th International Congress of Egyptology, Munich, 1985. In Bosse-Griffiths, Kate, Amarna studies and other selected papers, 181–188. Freiburg (Schweiz); Göttingen: Universitätsverlag; Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. [184–187] Rindi Nuzzolo, Carlo 2014. Two Ptah-Sokar-Osiris figures from Akhmim in the Egyptian collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest. Bulletin du Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts 119, 13–41. [30, fig. 16] Rindi Nuzzolo, Carlo 2017. Tradition and transformation: retracing Ptah-Sokar-Osiris figures from Akhmim in museums and private collections. In Gillen, Todd (ed.), (Re)productive traditions in ancient Egypt: proceedings of the conference held at the University of Liège, 6th-8th February 2013, 445–474. Liège: Presses universitaires de Liège. [447, 459, 462, fig. AR]

Other Identity
1091 (Kate Bosse-Griffiths said this number was on the coffin, this is confirmed by the conservation records) | W2000
Auction
Sotheby, Wilkinson, & Hodge: 09–10 Dec 1907
Previous Owners
Robert de Rustafjaell (1859–1943) | Sir Henry Solomon Wellcome (1853–1936)
Acquisition
Long-term loan, The Wellcome Trust (15 Feb 1971)

Inscription

(1) ḏd mdw i͗n wsi͗r ḫnty-i͗mntt nṯr ꜥꜣ nb ꜣbḏw skr-wsi͗r ḥry-i͗b i͗pw ꜣst wrt [...] (1) Words spoken by Osiris, Foremost of the West, the Great God, Lord of Abydos, Sokar-Osiris, who resides in Akhmim, Isis the Great [...] (2) i͗nḏ ḥr.k i͗wꜥw pr m nṯr pn nḫḫ pr m tm ḏt nṯr i͗i͗ [...] (2) Greetings to you, heir who originated from this god, spittle that originated from Atum, divine body that returns [...]

Language
Egyptian
Script
Hieroglyphic
Last modified: 28 Oct 2020

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