Fragment of a shroud

Accession Number
Current Location
House of Life (first floor), Drawers beneath textiles case, Drawer 1
Object Type
Tomb equipment, Mummy trappings, Cloth/shroud
New Kingdom
Eighteenth Dynasty
Thutmose III to Amenhotep II
Textile/fibres (Linen)
Egypt, Rifeh
Number of Elements
Height: 740mm | Width: 425mm | Depth: 1mm

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This is part of a rare New Kingdom painted shroud with parts of the Book of the Dead thereon. It is from Rifeh has been dated by Munro (1988, p. 291) to the mid-Eighteenth Dynasty. It belonged to a man called Hapi. It is painted with scenes from the Book of the Dead. These include four men carrying a boat on a pole (inside the boat is a mummiform coffin); the Lake of Fire, (Chapter 126 of the Book of the Dead); transformation into a snake, (Chapter 87 of the Book of the Dead); transformation into a lotus (Chapter 81 of the Book of the Dead); transformation into a Shenti Bird; and (Chapter 84 of the Book of the Dead). The lake of Fire was the means by which the deceased was purified in the Afterlife. The size of the vignettes shows how important they were at this period. Van Voss (1974) believed that the iconography and the owner's name suggested a Ramesside date (1320-1075 BCE). It was found at Rifeh (see Petrie 1937, 7). The item was given to Wellcome by Petrie in 1927.


Munro, Irmtraut 1988. Untersuchungen zu den Totenbuch-Papyri der 18. Dynastie: Kriterien ihrer Datierung. D 7 "Göttinger Philosophische Dissertation" (Studies on the Book of the Dead of the 18th Dynasty). London; New York: Kegan Paul International. [p. 291] Van Voss, M. Heerma, 1974, 'Een Dodendoek Als Dodenboek' Phoenix 20, 335-338. Petrie, W.M.F., 1937, Funeral Furniture and Stone Vases. London: Bernard Quaritch. Petrie, Flinders 1937. The funeral furniture of Egypt. British School of Archaeology in Egypt and Egyptian Research Account [59] (43rd year). London: British School of Egyptian Archaeology; Bernard Quaritch. [p. 7]

Personal Name
Hapi (ḥpi͗)

Last modified: 08 Mar 2023

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