Foot panel of a coffin



Accession Number
W648
Current Location
House of Death (ground floor), Coffins case, Left
Object Type
Tomb equipment, Coffin/sarcophagus/cartonnage, Coffin/sarcophagus panel
Period
Third Intermediate Period
Dynasty
Twenty-second Dynasty
Material
Wood
Provenance
Egypt
Number of Elements
1
Animal
Scarab
Divine Name
Khepri

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Description

A painted wooden coffin panel from the foot of a coffin. The motif of the sun disc embracing the scarab is from the final hour of the Amduat (Liptay 2011, 56-57). It represents the morning version of the scarab welcomed by the sun. As Liptay explains, by the Twenty-first Dynasty, both solar and nocturnal aspects of rebirth were combined. The deceased travels through the Duat to be reborn in the morning. On either side is the hieroglyph of hieroglyph for life. The two figures are solar divine beings, the one on the left with a feather being the West, the one on the right, represents the East. Both are sitting on per signs and are being offered loaves of bread. Between them is a sign of a hill over which are the rays of the rising sun (Gardiner sign N28). It was purchased by Wellcome at auction in 1924 from the Hood collection. Sugi suggests the arms are protective and offer life. There is a paper label with illegible writing on the side of the fragment.

Bibliography

Anonymous. 1996. The face of Egypt: Swansea Festival exhibition: 5 October 1996–5 January 1997. Swansea: Glynn Vivian Art Gallery. [Cat. 228] For information on earlier representations of arms projecting from the sun disc see Sugi, A. 2003. The Iconographical Representation of the Sun God in New Kingdom Egypt' In Hawass, Z. and Brock, LP, 'Egyptology at the Dawn of the Twenty-first Century' Vol 2 p514-521.