Pottery jar

Accession Number
Current Location
House of Life (first floor), Predynastic case
Object Type
Receptacle/vessel, Vase
Predynastic Period
Naqada I to Naqada II
Pottery (Nile silt)
Height: 92mm | Maximum Diameter: 73mm | Rim Diameter: 70mm | Base Diameter: 37mm | Height of Maximum Diameter: 75mm | Vessel Index: 80
Number of Elements

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A small black-topped redware jar with a shouldered body, flat base, and direct rim, which dates to the Predynastic Naqada I-II Period (4000-3100 BCE). The top is broken. The Naqada Period is named after the type site in Upper Egypt, just north of Thebes. It was purchased by Wellcome at auction in 1920. Black-topped redware is a fine red pottery with a blackened rim. How such vessels were decorated has been much debated.

Munsell Chart reading

Exterior: GLEY1 2.5/ black and 10R 4/4 weak red | Interior: 7.5YR 2.5/1 black


Hendrickx, S., Friedman, R. and Loyens, F. 2000. Experimental Archaeology concerning Black-topped red ware from Ancient Egypt and the Sudan. 'Cahiers de le Ceramique Egyptienne' 6, 171-185. Smythe, J. 2005 Monuments in Mud, 'Nekhen News' 17, 21-23).

Wellcome Number
J. C. Stevens. Auction and Sale Rooms: 15 Jun 1920, Lot 297
Auction Details
Seven bowls of same ware.
Previous Owner
Sir Henry Solomon Wellcome (1853–1936)
Long-term loan, The Wellcome Trust (15 Feb 1971)
Last modified: 10 Feb 2022

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