Cartonnage mummy covering

Accession Number
Current Location
Cardiff University, C/O Phil Parkes
Object Type
Tomb equipment, Coffin/sarcophagus/cartonnage
Graeco-Roman Period
Length: 675mm | Width: 186mm
Number of Elements
Divine Name
Behdety | Isis | Nephthys | Osiris

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A long panel of cartonnage made of very fine linen and covered with gesso incised with designs and an inscription. Originally gilded. Several large cracks and sections of gesso missing. The lightly incised decoration is divided into four registers. At the top, Isis and Nephthys are located on either end of a funerary couch containing the body of the deceased/Osiris. Four canopic jars are located beneath the couch. Two outstretched connecting wings, perhaps representing Behdet, are located above the couch. The second register consists of alternating djed and tyet symbols (three each). The third register contains six seated anthropomorphic deities, each unidentified and with feathers on their knees. The bottom register, which occupies the lower half of the panel, contains a central column of hieroglyphs flanked by rishi-type (feather) decoration. The text identifies the owner as a man called Pahat. Purchased by Wellcome at auction in 1907 from the collection of Robert de Rustafjaell.

Other Identity
1114a (circular serrated label)
Sotheby, Wilkinson, & Hodge: 09–10 Dec 1907
Auction Details
Perhaps lot 167
Previous Owners
Robert de Rustafjaell (1859–1943) | Sir Henry Solomon Wellcome (1853–1936)
Long-term loan, The Wellcome Trust (15 Feb 1971)


ḏd-mdw-<i͗>n wsi͗r ḫnty-i͗mntt nṯr-ꜥꜣ nb ꜣbḏw i͗r sꜣ n wsi͗r [...] pꜣ-ḥꜣt mꜣꜥ-ḫrw <n>ḥḥ-ḏt Words spoken by Osiris, Foremost of the West, the Great God, Lord of Abydos. May protection be given to the Osiris [...] Pahat, true of voice, forever and ever.

Personal Name
Pahat (pꜣ-ḥꜣt)
Last modified: 08 Feb 2022

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