Pottery offering tray



Accession Number
W79
Current Location
House of Death (ground floor), Offerings case
Object Type
Religious or cult object, Offering tray
Periods
First Intermediate Period to Middle Kingdom
Material
Pottery
Provenance
Egypt, Ballas
Measurements
Length: 270mm
Number of Elements
1

This image may be used under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) license. For uses not covered under the Creative Commons license, or to license images for commercial uses, please contact the Egypt Centre.

Description

A red pottery offering tray, possibly from Ballas. This site was excavated by James Quibell in the 1890s. Trays such as these were placed above the grave of the deceased. It is thought that water would be poured over the tray and a 'spell' recited. The water then would trickle over the pottery food on the tray and down onto the grave. Drainage channels are evident on some trays. These objects usually date from the First Intermediate Period to the Middle Kingdom. This example was purchased by Wellcome at auction in 1930, although it is possibly part of the 1913 Robert de Rustafjaell sale.

Bibliography

Kilian, Andrea 2012. Pottery offering trays: general observations and new material from Asyut. In Kahl, Jochem, Mahmoud El- Khadragy, Ursula Verhoeven, and Andrea Kilian (eds), Seven seasons at Asyut: first results of the Egyptian-German cooperation in archaeological fieldwork. Proceedings of an international conference at the University of Sohag, 10th–11th of October, 2009, 105–118. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. Mi, Filippo 2020. Ceramic Offering Trays in the Museo Egizio, Turin: Establishing Typologies and Locating Unprovenanced Specimen, Rivista del Museo Egizio 4, 91–121. Available at: https://rivista.museoegizio.it/article/ceramic-offering-trays-in-the-museo-egizio-turin-establishing-typologies-and-locating-unprovenanced-specimens/ Petrie, W. M. Flinders and J. E. Quibell 1896. Naqada and Ballas: 1895. British School of Archaeology in Egypt and Egyptian Research Account [1] (1st year). London: Bernard Quaritch.

Wellcome Number
A211518
Auction
Sotheby, Wilkinson, & Hodge: 20–24 Jan 1913, Lot 409 | J. C. Stevens. Auction and Sale Rooms: 09–10 Sep 1930, Lot 727
Auction Details
Four tables of offerings, and a complete mealing stone and roller, all pre-Dynastic Egyptian, and found at Ballas.
Previous Owners
Robert de Rustafjaell (1859–1943) | Sir Henry Solomon Wellcome (1853–1936)
Acquisition
Long-term loan, The Wellcome Trust (15 Feb 1971)
Last modified: 29 Nov 2021

Back | Feedback about this object