Faience lion head



Accession Number
EC451
Current Location
House of Life (first floor), Egypt and its Neighbours
Object Type
Sculpture, Statue
Periods
Late Period to Graeco-Roman Period
Material
Faience
Provenance
Nubia, Meroe, M943
Measurements
Height: 30mm | Width: 31mm | Depth: 27mm
Number of Elements
1
Animal
Lion
Divine Name
Apedemak

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Description

The head of faience figure of lion deity, perhaps Apedemak. It has a hole in the top of its head, presumably for insertion of a headdress. There are traces of an inked number on the bottom of the piece, but it is too damaged to read. The object was excavated in spot M943, one of the rooms of a house erected over the ruins of complex M296-942-948. Most of the items from this room appear to be temple furniture or statues of divinities and personal ornaments. Török (1997, I, p. 205) describes the piece as probably Early Napatan, which dates it to 450–250 BC.

Bibliography

Garstang, J. & W. S. George 1914. Fourth interim report on the excavations at Meroë in Ethiopia. Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology 6, 1–21. [pp. 3, 6, 13] Török, László 1997. Meroe City, an ancient African capital: John Garstang's excavations in the Sudan. Egypt Exploration Society, Occasional Publications 12 (1–2). London: Egypt Exploration Society. [vol. 1, p. 205; vol 2, pl. 168] Žabkar, L. V. 1975. Apedemak lion god of Meroe: a study in Egyptian-Meroitic syncretism. Warminster: Aris and Phillips.