Ptah-Sokar-Osiris statue



Accession Number
W452
Current Location
House of Death (ground floor), Ptah-Sokar-Osiris case
Object Type
Sculpture, Ptah-Sokar-Osiris
Period
Graeco-Roman Period
Dynasty
Ptolemaic Period
Material
Wood
Provenance
Egypt, Akhmim
Measurements
Height: 568mm | Width: 114mm | Depth: 82mm
Number of Elements
1
Divine Name
Ptah-Sokar-Osiris

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Description

A Ptah-Sokar-Osiris figure. The figure is painted black, green and red and has a gilded face. It wears a garland collar with falcon terminals. The inscription consists of thin black hieroglyphs on yellow background, one line is on the front and one line on the back. The inscription on the back pillar contains the nswt-di-htp formula which contains the names of Ptah, Sokar and Osiris. There is a cavity in the back. Such holes were used to contain parts of the 'Book of the Dead'. The figure would have originally been fixed to the rear of a rectangular base. Such items were placed in graves to ensure that the deceased achieved an afterlife. Ptah, Sokar and Osiris were all gods of rebirth. This item is Ptolemaic in date. The style suggests that it comes from Akhmim. This object is similar to Louvre 3508 E published by Tamas Mekis (Mekis, T. 2011, L’équipement funéraire de la prêtresse thébaine Nestaneteretten, 'Chronique d'Égypte' 86, 41-81 figs 2 and 3). It was purchased by Wellcome in 1930.

Bibliography

Anonymous. 1996. The face of Egypt: Swansea Festival exhibition: 5 October 1996–5 January 1997. Swansea: Glynn Vivian Art Gallery. [Cat. 174] Rindi Nuzzolo, Carlo 2017. Tradition and transformation: retracing Ptah-Sokar-Osiris figures from Akhmim in museums and private collections. In Gillen, Todd (ed.), (Re)productive traditions in ancient Egypt: proceedings of the conference held at the University of Liège, 6th-8th February 2013, 445–474. Liège: Presses universitaires de Liège. [447, 459–60]

Inscription

Front: […] wsi͗r ḫnty-i͗mntt nṯr ꜥꜣ nb ꜣbḏw skr-wsi͗r ḥry-i͗b ḳrst [...] Osiris, Foremost of the West, the Great God, Lord of Abydos, Sokar-Osiris, who resides in the burial. Back: ḥtp di͗ nswt wsi͗r ḫnty-i͗mntt nṯr ꜥꜣ nb ꜣbḏw ptḥ-skr-wsi͗r wsi͗r ḥry-i͗b ḳrst ꜣst wrt mwt nṯr An offering which the king gives to Osiris, Foremost of the West, the Great God, Lord of Abydos, Ptah-Sokar-Osiris, Osiris who resides in the burial, Isis the Great, mother of the god.

Language
Egyptian
Script
Hieroglyphic
Last modified: 14 Dec 2021

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